CHANGES IN LARGE-DEFORMATION PROPERTIES DURING DOUGH FERMENTATION BY Lactobacillus STRAINS AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP WITH MICROSTRUCTURE

  • J. Colín-Orozco Centro de investigación en Ciencia Aplicada y Tecnología Avanzada
  • J. Chanona-Pérez Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas. Instituto Politécnico Nacional. Unidad Profesional Lázaro Cárdenas
  • M. de J. Perea-Flores Centro de Nanociencias y Micro y Nanotecnologías. Instituto Politécnico Nacional. Unidad Profesional Adolfo López Mateos
  • R. Pedroza-Islas Universidad Iberoamericana
Keywords: lactobacilli, sourdough, mechanical properties, fractal dimension, microstructure

Abstract

Assessment of the microstructural changes that occur in wheat doughs during fermentation due to the Lactobacillus type (Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus brevis and Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis), and the changes associated to mechanical properties. To dough with a dough yield (DY) of 150 were added 50 mL of inoculum (109 CFUmL−1) and fermented at 35°C for 24 h (76% RH). The uniaxial extensibility of the dough was determined at 0, 6, 12, 18 and 24 h of fermentation using a texture analyzer equipped with a Kieffer rig. The microstructure was observed by means of a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), and the images were analyzed to determine the fractal dimension (FDS DBC) and Entropy (Ent). In all cases, the maximum extensibility (Em) and the maximum resistance (Rm) of the doughs decreased with the progress of fermentation. Lb. plantarum and Lb. sanfranciscensis reduced Em by 40 and 42%, respectively, while DY decreased by more than 85%. Fermentation increased the structural complexity of the dough by raising its FDS DBC and Ent values, with differences depending on the type of bacteria. These results provide adequate criteria for the selection of bacteria for the development of sourdoughs and for understanding the structural and mechanical changes that occur during fermentation.

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Published
2020-02-14
How to Cite
Colín-Orozco, J., Chanona-Pérez, J., Perea-Flores, M. de J., & Pedroza-Islas, R. (2020). CHANGES IN LARGE-DEFORMATION PROPERTIES DURING DOUGH FERMENTATION BY Lactobacillus STRAINS AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP WITH MICROSTRUCTURE. Revista Mexicana De Ingeniería Química, 13(2), 457-471. Retrieved from http://www.rmiq.org/ojs311/index.php/rmiq/article/view/1337
Section
Food Engineering