DESIGN OF A CONTINUOUS PROCESS OF BIODIESEL PRODUCTION

  • A. Evangelista-Flores Departamento de Ingeniería Química, Facultad de Química, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) Conjunto E, L-212
  • F. S. Alcántar-González Departamento de Ingeniería Química, Facultad de Química, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) Conjunto E, L-212
  • N. Ramírez de Arellano Aburto Resinas y Materiales S.A. DE C.V
  • A. Cohen Barki Resinas y Materiales S.A. DE C.V
  • J. M. Robledo-Pérez Resinas y Materiales S.A. DE C.V
  • M. J. Cruz-Gómez Departamento de Ingeniería Química, Facultad de Química, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) Conjunto E, L-212
Keywords: biodiesel, continuous reactor, alkaline catalysis, industrial process, vegetable oil

Abstract

Most of the industrial processes used for biodiesel production in the world are performed in batch or semicontinuous reactors coupled to separation equipment to obtain by-products, however, a disadvantage of these processes is the downtime as well as the cost of loading and unloading. The aim of this paper is to propose a continuous process for biodiesel production using a continuous flow tubular reactor (CFTR) using vegetable oil, methanol and a alkaline catalyst, whose application will reduce operating costs, maintenance and production time. Tests were conducted inside an industrial reactor’s heating coil to obtain the reaction kinetics and to evaluate the equipment’s energy transfer with different heating fluids. The design parameters were considered to obtain a biodiesel production of 500 tons per month in a continuous flow tubular reactor with nonlinear geometry, a conversion in one step greater than 99%, temperatures between 60 and 75 ° C, with recovery of methanol and obtaining glycerin as a commercial by-product.

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Published
2020-02-14
How to Cite
Evangelista-Flores, A., Alcántar-González, F. S., Ramírez de Arellano Aburto, N., Cohen Barki, A., Robledo-Pérez, J. M., & Cruz-Gómez, M. J. (2020). DESIGN OF A CONTINUOUS PROCESS OF BIODIESEL PRODUCTION. Revista Mexicana De Ingeniería Química, 13(2), 483-491. Retrieved from http://www.rmiq.org/ojs311/index.php/rmiq/article/view/1339
Section
Catalysis, kinetics and reactors