EFFECT OF DRYING AND PICKLING PROCESSES ON ANTIOXIDANT CAPACITY OF PHYTOCHEMICALS OF CHILTEPIN (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum)

  • C.S. Rochín-Wong Departamento de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas de la Universidad de Sonora
  • N. Gámez-Meza Departamento de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas de la Universidad de Sonora
  • L.C. Montoya-Ballesteros Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C
  • L.A. Medina-Juarez Departamento de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnológicas de la Universidad de Sonora
Keywords: chiltepin, phytochemicals, drying, pickling, antioxidants

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two conservation methods: sun drying and traditional pickling on the physicochemical quality, composition and antioxidant capacity of phenolic compounds and capsaicinoids of wild chiltepin (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum). The results showed that the conservation processes studied in this work caused changes on the physicochemical quality. However, the parameter values, indicators of this quality, remained in agreement with the NMX. Furthermore, the level of phenols and the antioxidant capacity of the methanolic phase from sun dried chiltepin were not affected. Respect to the traditional pickling process, total phenols, total flavonoids and capsaicinoids decreased (less than 25%). Therefore, the results of this study showed that pickling conditions had a greater impact on the levels of phenolic compounds, capsaicinoids and the antioxidant capacity than the sun drying. We conclude that the process of sun drying and pickling traditional chiltepin methods may be adequate to preserve these phytochemicals.

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Published
2020-03-17
How to Cite
Rochín-Wong, C., Gámez-Meza, N., Montoya-Ballesteros, L., & Medina-Juarez, L. (2020). EFFECT OF DRYING AND PICKLING PROCESSES ON ANTIOXIDANT CAPACITY OF PHYTOCHEMICALS OF CHILTEPIN (Capsicum annuum L. var. glabriusculum). Revista Mexicana De Ingeniería Química, 12(2), 227-239. Retrieved from http://www.rmiq.org/ojs311/index.php/rmiq/article/view/1460
Section
Biotechnology