MORPHOMETRIC CHARACTERIZATION OF SPRAY-DRIED MICROCAPSULES BEFORE AND AFTER α-TOCOPHEROL EXTRACTION

  • M.X. Quintanilla-Carvajal Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas del Instituto Politécnico Nacional
  • L.S. Meraz-Torres Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas del Instituto Politécnico Nacional
  • L. Alamilla-Beltrán Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas del Instituto Politécnico Nacional
  • J.J. Chanona-Pérez Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas del Instituto Politécnico Nacional
  • E. Terres-Rojas Instituto Mexicano de Petróleo, Laboratorio de Microscopia Electrónica de Barrido Ambiental
  • H. Hernández-Sánchez Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas del Instituto Politécnico Nacional
  • A.R. Jiménez-Aparicio Centro de Desarrollo de Productos Bióticos del Instituto Politécnico Nacional
  • G.F. Gutiérrez-López Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas del Instituto Politécnico Nacional
Keywords: morphometric parameters, spray drying, image analysis, alpha tocopherol

Abstract

Microcapsules were obtained by spray-drying of α-tocopherol (AT) - in- water emulsions subjected to single and double atomization yielding single atomized microcapsules (SAM) and double atomized microcapsules (DAM) which had different core to wall material ratios. Micrographs of whole and AT extracted of SAM and DAM obtained from Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy (ESEM) were image analyzed and the Feret diameter, projected area, perimeter, maximum perimeter, shape factor and Fractal Dimension of contour (FDc) and texture (FDt) were determined. Whole DAM presented higher FDc and FDt than SAM, while SAM presented higher FDc values for all the microcapsules and higher DFt values for the AT to wall materials ratios 1:4 after the AT extraction. Most of the microcapsules displayed significantly different perimeter but non- significant projected areas, whereas the extracted microcapsules tended not to show significant differences between these two parameters.

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Published
2020-05-06
How to Cite
Quintanilla-Carvajal, M., Meraz-Torres, L., Alamilla-Beltrán, L., Chanona-Pérez, J., Terres-Rojas, E., Hernández-Sánchez, H., Jiménez-Aparicio, A., & Gutiérrez-López, G. (2020). MORPHOMETRIC CHARACTERIZATION OF SPRAY-DRIED MICROCAPSULES BEFORE AND AFTER α-TOCOPHEROL EXTRACTION. Revista Mexicana De Ingeniería Química, 10(2), 301-312. Retrieved from http://www.rmiq.org/ojs311/index.php/rmiq/article/view/1674
Section
Food Engineering

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