• L. López-Zamora
  • O.J. Cadeza-Merino
  • K. Martínez-Martínez
  • E. Bolaños-Reynoso
Keywords: vacuum pressure, steam pressure, crystallization


The study of the effect that produce the vacuum pressure as the steam pressure over the formed crystal mass and the distribution of the crystal size in the vacuum batch crystallization process, is of great importance for the sugar industry, which require to increase its efficiency, applying already tested conditions at pilot plant level. In this paper it’s been studied the effect of the implementation of the maximum displacement of the vacuum pump profile, obtaining a 56.39% of performance against the obtained results in the crystallization by cooling off. It’s been tested also, different steam pressures in the jacket, observing that applying a steam pressure of 0.15 kg/cm2, at a saturated solution in 35°C, it can be obtained a formed crystal mass 39% of performance against the obtained results in the crystallization by cooling off, with a average crystal diameter of 414.7153μm., a standard deviation of 57.5629μm, average evaporated flow was 13.1619 ml/min, On the basis of the obtained results it can be concluded that, the implementation of the vacuum profiles improves and the diminishing of the steam pressure, in combination with the warming time, improves considerably the crystallization process.


Batterham, R. J., Frew, J. A., Rees, N. W. (1972). The Control of Vacuum Pan Crystallizers. Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Thirty-Ninth Conference, Australia.

Bock, W., Konig, H., Litz, L. (2003). Optimal coordination of crystallization batch processes using rules and practices of extreme programming, Control Applications, 2003. CCA 2003. Proceedings of 2003 IEEE Conference on, Volume 1, 23-25, June, Page(s):856 - 860 Vol. 2.

Córdova, P. N. M. (2004). Determinación de las condiciones de siembra para maximizar el crecimiento de partículas obtenidas mediante cristalización batch por enfriamiento. Tesis de Maestría en Ciencias en Ingeniería Química, Instituto Tecnológico de Orizaba, México.

Diepen, P. J., Bruinsma, O. S. L., Van Rosmalen, G. M. (2000). Melt crystallization by controlled evaporative cooling. The caprolactam–water system in batch operation. Chemical Engineering Science 55 (18) 3575-3584.

Ghurair Al, J., Singh, G. C. (1999). Al Khaleej Sugar An Energy Efficient Refinery, Sugar Industry Technologists Meeting, May 9-12, Estoril, Portugal, S.I.T. Paper # 751.

Hugot, E. (1963). Manual para Ingenieros Azucareros. Editorial C.E.C.S.A., México.

IMAQ Vision for LabVIEW User Manual (2000), National Instruments Corporation. Ingenio Azucarero de Tres Valles. Grupo PIASA, S.A. de C.V. Visita Industrial.

Tahal, T. V. (2000). New Models For Sugar Vacuum Pans. Individual Inquiry, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Queensland, Australia.
How to Cite
López-Zamora, L., Cadeza-Merino, O., Martínez-Martínez, K., & Bolaños-Reynoso, E. (2020). PRELIMINAR STUDY OF THE VACUUM PRESSURE AND STEAM EFFECT ON A BATCH CRISTALIZER AT PILOT PLANT LEVEL. Revista Mexicana De Ingeniería Química, 7(1), 65-70. Retrieved from
Process engineering

Most read articles by the same author(s)