PROBIOTIC PRODUCTION FOR MEAT ANIMALS: IMPORTANCE OF USING INDIGENOUS INTESTINAL MICROBIOTA

  • M. R. Rosmini
  • G. J. Sequeira
  • I. Guerrero-Legarreta
  • L. E. Martí
  • R. Dalla-Santina
  • L. Frizzo
  • J.C. Bonazza
Keywords: probiotics, indigenous microorganisms, animal health and nutrition, food safety, alternative therapy

Abstract

The importance of probiotics as an alternative to antibiotic therapy in animal production is discussed; mechanisms of positive effects of probiotics in animal health as well as the importance of isolating and selecting strains from the same ecological niche aimed for their use are also discussed. Soon after its birth, a given an animal is in contact with microorganisms from the environment that, eventually, colonize its body. The digestive tract is covered with microorganisms developing in such habitat; it becomes in a system influenced by the feedstuff, production environment and sanitary treatments. Each animal species has a specific microbial composition in the intestine. Isolating, characterizing and selecting indigenous microorganisms from healthy animals provides a natural biological material that, once administrated to animals of the same species, favors their gastrointestinal ecosystem and, in general, their health. The use of indigenous microorganisms with probiotic ability is a therapeutic alternative to treat treating and preventing several animal pathologies. In the case of gastrointestinal diseases in young animal grown under artificial conditions, probiotics can prevent intestine colonization by pathogens, stimulating the immune system and reducing the symptoms of such diseases. Finally, probiotics can reduce the presence of pathogens and pharmaceutical compounds in food materials aimed to human consumption. Use of probiotics isolated from different anatomic region of target animals or from feeds will allow to improve sanitary and production conditions of intensive production systems

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Published
2020-10-29
How to Cite
Rosmini, M. R., Sequeira, G. J., Guerrero-Legarreta, I., Martí, L. E., Dalla-Santina, R., Frizzo, L., & Bonazza, J. (2020). PROBIOTIC PRODUCTION FOR MEAT ANIMALS: IMPORTANCE OF USING INDIGENOUS INTESTINAL MICROBIOTA. Revista Mexicana De Ingeniería Química, 3(2), 181-191. Retrieved from http://www.rmiq.org/ojs311/index.php/rmiq/article/view/2146

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